Anasazi Indians astronomy knowledge written in desert rocks
Ancient Astronomy – The Anasazi civilization flourished throughout the American southwest over 1,000 years ago, before vanishing into the annals of history. Forgotten on the hot mesas of the southwestern desert, remains of their stone cities and enigmatic causeways offer quiet testament to their innovation and determination. Carved in the desert rocks of New Mexico archaeologists also found symbols that indicate astronomy was an integral part of Anasazi society and that they spent hundreds of years watching and studying the sky.
Skywatchers of the American Southwest
Modern archaeoastronomers believe the Anasazi were ancient sky watchers who interpreted signs in the sky in order to construct a calendar they could use to aid farming. High on a ledge near the top of a soaring butte in New Mexico’s Chaco Canyon, they found three large stone slabs forming an opening, through which sunlight shined onto two spirals carved in the stone behind the slabs. For possibly longer than 1,000 years, until the slabs shifted due to erosion, beams of sunlight correctly predicted the summer and winter solstices, as well as the March and September equinoxes. Archaeologists believe the Sun Dagger, as the spectacle is called, was a calendar devised by Anasazi astronomers.
Anasazi astronomer recorded death of star
Archaeoastronomers also found marks on an overhanging rock on a cliff beneath the remains of the Anasazi town called Penasco Blanco suggesting Anasazi astronomers witnessed the death of a star almost a thousand years ago. Displayed on a rock face, they found three colored figures, a hand, a crescent, and a rayed disk. Painted on the sandstone wall beneath the figures is a dot, with two rings around it. Archaeoastronomers believe the cliff was possibly a post used by Anasazi astronomers and sun watchers, much like other similar posts archaeologists have found in the southwestern territories.
The crescent isn’t a figure archaeologists have seen carved in rock faces around the southwest very often, so they believe this could represent a spectacular event in the history of the Anasazi. The rayed disk some archaeoastronomers believe might represent an exploding star, which would have appeared in the sky around 1,000 years ago. At that time, over in China, astronomers recorded the appearance of a “guest star” in the sky on July 5, 1054. This guest star some archaeoastronomers believe was a supernova marking the death of a massive star in the constellation Taurus, the remains of which are the Crab Nebula.
Did Anasazi astronomers record the death of a star 1,000 years ago in paintings they carved in an overhanging rock below the town of Penasco Blanco? Some archaeoastronomers believe this might be the case. NASA astronomer John Brandt tried to verify this in 1979, by having a friend reproduce the night sky above the town in July 1054. They discovered the night sky above the town was almost exactly as depicted in the rock face in Chaco Canyon.
If the evidence is assembled and to be believed, around 1,000 years ago an Anasazi astronomer took up his post below the town of Penasco Blanco as the sun was about to rise above the horizon. Keeping his eyes toward the eastern horizon, he observed as the moon rose with a star of amazing brilliance suspended almost in the curve of its upside-down crescent. Captivated by the appearance of this guest star in the sky, the astronomer marked the moment in time by carving its image into the rock.
Watch this YouTube video on the Anasazi Indians https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6KkJNyZUx9s.